National Work Injury Statistics Program (NWISP)
The Association of Workers’ Compensation Boards of Canada (AWCBC) manages the National Work Injury Statistics Program (NWISP). This program supports the collection of work related accepted time loss injury, disease and fatality statistics. These statistics are coded by and are derived from administrative records for accepted time-loss injury, disease and fatalities at provincial/territorial workers’ compensation boards and commissions. The information in these records is submitted to Boards and Commissions by workers, employers, and/or health care practitioners and is used to compile work-related injury and disease statistics.
The AWCBC produces an annual publication entitled “National Work Injury, Disease and Fatality Statistics” that provides accepted time loss injury, disease and fatality statistics for the three most recent years for which the statistics are available.
The publication includes statistical summaries by jurisdiction with cross tabulations by nature and source of injury/disease/fatality, part of body, event, age, gender, industry and occupation as well as industry cross tabulations by nature and source of injury/disease, part of body and event.
It is important to note that within each jurisdiction, the statistics are consistent over time, but differences may be observed if inter-jurisdictional comparisons are made (for example, specific businesses may be excluded from coverage in certain jurisdictions). Variances may also arise because of differing acts, regulations, operating policies and procedures among jurisdictions.
Statistics reflect any injury or disease resulting from a work-related event or exposure to a noxious substance. Disease is distinct from a physical injury and results from conditions in the work environment.
Time Loss Injury is defined as an injury where a worker is compensated for a loss of wages following a work-related injury (or exposure to a noxious substance), or receives compensation for a permanent disability with or without any time lost in his or her employment (for example, if a worker is compensated for a loss of hearing resulting from excessive noise in the workplace.)
Fatalities are defined as a death resulting from a work-related incident (including disease) that has been accepted for compensation by a board/commission.
Statistics for the year 1997 onwards are coded according to the Z795 (NWIS) standard for nature and source of injury/disease, part of body and event variable. This standard provides greater levels of detail, particularly for nature and source of the injury/disease. Prior to 1997, the Canadian Work Injury Standard (CWIS) is used.
Nature of Injury/Disease relates to the principal physical characteristics of an injury.
Source of Injury/Disease relates to the object, substance, exposure or bodily motion that directly inflicted the injury.
Part of Body relates to the injured/diseased part of body directly affected by an injury/disease.
Event or Exposure relates to the event or exposure that directly resulted in the injury/disease.
Age relates to the age groups of 5 year periods starting at 15-19 up to 65 and over.
Gender relates to male and female.
Industry relates to a group of enterprises (for example, companies or establishments) that are engaged in the same or similar kind of economic activity. Boards/Commissions classify business according to their industrial activity for administrative purposes. Industry statistics represent the injured or ill worker on the basis of the Statistics Canada Standard Industrial Classification, 1980 (SIC) (Catalogue 12-501).
Occupation relates to the principal activity a person is engaged in at his or her place or work. The occupation of an injured or ill employee is coded according to the National Occupational Classification, 1991, (NOC) Human Resources Development Canada (Catalogue No. MP53-25/1-1993E)
If summary tables are reproduced and/or published, the source of the data must be acknowledged. Any interpretations made by the user of the data provided by the National Work Statistics Program (NWISP) must be stated as being those of the user. Such statements should include a note that such interpretations do not reflect the views of the Association of Workers’ Compensation Boards of Canada (AWCBC) or any of its member Workers’ Compensation Boards or Commissions. Written permission must be obtained from the AWCBC prior to publishing statistics to third partiers for sale.
A greater level of cross tabulation detail and time series than provided in the NWISP Publication is available upon request. The database contains Injury/Disease data from 1982 to 2010 and Fatality data from 1993 to 2010. Statistics can be cross tabulated by year, jurisdiction, industry, occupation, nature and source of injury, part of body, event, age and gender.
The NWISP database does not contain statistics about:
▪ Injury/Disease/Fatality costs
▪ Days or hours lost due to injury/disease
▪ Number of workers covered by Workers’ Compensation Boards/Commission
▪ Non-work-related injury/disease/fatalities
▪ Work-related injuries/disease which do not involve lost time
▪ Case studies, injury/disease reports
▪ Injury/disease/fatality affecting workers who are not covered by Workers’ Compensation Boards/Commissions
Please refer to AWCBC Key Statistical Measures at Financial Data and Key Statistical Measures (KSM).
Fees for statistical summary requests are charged according to the number of tables provided. The cost per table will vary from $15.00 for simple tables to $30.00. Requests that require custom programming will be charged $50.00. There is a minimum charge of $75.00 per request. Prior to proceeding with a request, confirmation and agreement of charges is required. Fees for additional tabulations will be charged in addition to original requests.
An estimate of charges can be requested prior to proceeding with statistical summary requests. Statistical summary requests are supplied in Excel spreadsheets and can be sent via email.
If summary tables are reproduced and/or published, the source of the data must be acknowledged. Any interpretations made by the user of the data provided by the National Work Statistics Program (NWISP) must be stated as being those of the user. Such statements should include a note that such interpretations do not reflect the views of the AWCBC or any of its member Workers’ Compensation Boards or Commissions. Written permission must be obtained from the AWCBC prior to publishing statistics to third partiers for sale.
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